Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/10846
Título: Knowledge representation for data integration and exploration in translational medicine
Autor: Machado, Cátia Maria, 1981-
Orientador: Couto, Francisco José Moreira
Freitas, Ana Teresa
Palavras-chave: Representação do conhecimento
Ontologia
Interoperabilidade
Semântica de computadores
Biomedicina
Medicina translacional
Teses de doutoramento - 2014
Data de Defesa: 2014
Resumo: Biomedical research has evolved into a data-intensive science, where prodigious amounts of data can be collected from disparate resources at any time. However, the value of data can only be leveraged through its analysis, which ultimately results in the acquisition of knowledge. In domains such as translational medicine, data integration and interoperability are key requirements for an efficient data analysis. The semantic web and its technologies have been proposed as a solution for the problems of data integration and interoperability. One of the tools of the semantic web is the representation of domain knowledge with ontologies, which provide a formal description of that knowledge in a structured manner. The thesis underlying this work is that the representation of domain knowledge in ontologies can be exploited to improve the current knowledge about a disease, as well as improve the diagnosis and prognosis processes. The following two objectives were defined to validate this thesis: 1) to create a semantic model that represents and integrates the heterogeneous sources of data necessary for the characterization of a disease and of its prognosis process, exploiting semantic web technologies and existing ontologies; 2) to develop a methodology that exploits the knowledge represented in existing ontologies to improve the results of knowledge exploration methods obtained with translational medicine datasets. The first objective was accomplished and resulting in the following contributions: the methodology for the creation of a semantic model in the OWL language; a semantic model of the disease hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; and a review on the exploitation of semantic web resources in translation medicine systems. In the case of the second objective, also accomplished, the contributions are the adaptation of a standard enrichment analysis to use data from patients; and the application of the adapted enrichment analysis to improve the predictions made with a translational medicine dataset.
Descrição: Tese de doutoramento, Informática (Bioinformática), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/10846
Aparece nas colecções:FC - Teses de Doutoramento

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