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|Título:||Early reduction of the over-expression of CD40L, OX40 and Fas on T cells in HIV-1 infection during triple anti-retroviral therapy: possible implications for lymphocyte traffic and functional recovery.|
|Autor:||Sousa, A. E.|
Chaves, A. F.
Victorino, R. M. M.
|Citação:||Clin Exp Immunol 1999; 116:307–315|
|Resumo:||Fas, CD40L and OX40 are members of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily with critical roles in T cell activation and death, B cell function, dendritic cell maturation and leucocyte traffic regulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) on CD40L, OX40 and Fas expression on freshly isolated peripheral blood T cells by three-colour flow cytometry and compare them with lymphoproliferative responses, peripheral blood cell counts and viral load. Fourteen asymptomatic HIV-1+ patients treated with Lamivudine, Stavudine and Nelfinavir were prospectively investigated sequentially for 48 weeks. At baseline, patients exhibited significantly enhanced proportions and counts of CD40L+ and OX40+ cells within the CD4 subset which were corrected by weeks 8-16 of HAART. Interestingly, in the five patients showing viral load rebound during therapy in spite of increasing CD4 counts, the reduction of the levels of these costimulatory molecules was similarly maintained. Therapy induced a decrease in the over-expression of Fas, particularly in the CD4 subset where normal levels were reached at week 8. This reduction occurred in parallel with the major recovery of lymphoproliferative responses. Higher basal levels and lower reduction of Fas were associated with suboptimal suppression of viraemia. In conclusion, this previously undescribed increased expression of CD40L and OX40 may play a role in the HIV-associated pan-immune activation and represent a possible target for immunointervention, as suggested for several immunologically mediated diseases. Moreover, HAART induced an early correction of the over-expression of Fas, CD40L and OX40 in CD4 T cells which could be involved in the recovery of the cell traffic disturbances and in the T cell renewal capacity.|
|Descrição:||© 1999 Blackwell Science Ltd|
|Versão do Editor:||The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FM-LIC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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