Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/15962
Título: Machine learning techniques for music information retrieval
Autor: Marques, Gonçalo Caetano, 1966-
Orientador: Langlois, Thibault
Palavras-chave: Sistemas de recuperação de informação
Aprendizagem automática
Processamento de sinal
Géneros musicais
Teses de doutoramento - 2015
Data de Defesa: 2015
Resumo: The advent of digital music has changed the rules of music consumption, distribution and sales. With it has emerged the need to effectively search and manage vast music collections. Music information retrieval is an interdisciplinary field of research that focuses on the development of new techniques with that aim in mind. This dissertation addresses a specific aspect of this field: methods that automatically extract musical information exclusively based on the audio signal. We propose a method for automatic music-based classification, label inference, and music similarity estimation. Our method consist in representing the audio with a finite set of symbols and then modeling the symbols time evolution. The symbols are obtained via vector quantization in which a single codebook is used to quantize the audio descriptors. The symbols time evolution is modeled via a first order Markov process. Based on systematic evaluations we carried out on publicly available sets, we show that our method achieves performances on par with most techniques found in literature. We also present and discuss the problems that appear when computers try to classify or annotate songs using the audio as the only source of information. In our method, the separation of quantization process from the creation and training of classification models helped us in that analysis. It enabled us to examine how instantaneous sound attributes (henceforth features) are distributed in term of musical genre, and how designing codebooks specially tailored for these distributions affects the performance of ours and other classification systems commonly used for this task. On this issue, we show that there is no apparent benefit in seeking a thorough representation of the feature space. This is a bit unexpected since it goes against the assumption that features carry equally relevant information loads and somehow capture the specificities of musical facets, implicit in many genre recognition methods. Label inference is the task of automatically annotating songs with semantic words - this tasks is also known as autotagging. In this context, we illustrate the importance of a number of issues, that in our perspective, are often overlooked. We show that current techniques are fragile in the sense that small alterations in the set of labels may lead to dramatically different results. Furthermore, through a series of experiments, we show that autotagging systems fail to learn tag models capable to generalize to datasets of different origins. We also show that the performance achieved with these techniques is not sufficient to be able to take advantage of the correlations between tags.
Descrição: Tese de doutoramento, Informática (Engenharia Informática), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2015
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/15962
Designação: Doutoramento em Informática
Aparece nas colecções:FC - Teses de Doutoramento

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