Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/17631
Título: Evaluation of Lipopolysaccharide aggregation by light scattering spectroscopy
Autor: Santos, Nuno C.
Silva, Ana C.
Castanho, Miguel A. R. B.
Martins-Silva, João
Saldanha, Carlota
Palavras-chave: Aggregation
Bacteria
Light scattering spectroscopy
Lipopolysaccharide
Supramolecular chemistry
Data: 2003
Citação: ChemBioChem 2003, 4, 96-100
Resumo: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are cell wall components of Gramnegative bacteria. These molecules behave as bacterial endotoxins and their release into the bloodstream is a determinant of the development of a wide range of pathologies. These amphipathic molecules can self-aggregate into supramolecular structures with different shapes and sizes. The formation of these structures occurs when the LPS concentration is higher than the apparent critical micelle concentration (CMCa). Light scattering spectroscopy (both static and dynamic) was used to directly characterize the aggregation process of LPS from Escherichia coli serotype 026:B6. The results point to a CMCa value of 14μgmL-1 and the existence of premicelle LPS oligomers below this concentration. Both structures were characterized in terms of molecular weight (5.5 x 106 and 16 x 106 gmol 1 below and above the CMCa , respectively), interaction with the aqueous environment, gyration radius (56 and 105 nm), hydrodynamic radius, (60 and 95 nm) and geometry of the supramolecular structures (nearly spherical). Our data indicates that future in vitro experiments should be carried out both below and above the CMCa. The search for drugs that interact with the aggregates, and thus change the CMCa and condition LPS interactions in the bloodstream, could be a new way to prevent certain bacterial-endotoxin-related pathologies.
Descrição: © 2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Peer review: yes
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbic.200390020
http://hdl.handle.net/10451/17631
ISSN: 1439-4227
Versão do Editor: The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
Aparece nas colecções:IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FM-IB-Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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