Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/17801
Título: Stressful Life Events and Psychological Well-being in a Brazilian Sample of Older Persons: The Role of Resilience
Autor: Couto, Maria Clara Pinheiro de Paula
Koller, Sílvia Helena
Novo, Rosa
Palavras-chave: Stressful life events
Psychological well-being
Older persons
Data: 2011
Editora: Springer
Citação: Couto, M. C. P., Koller, S. H., & Novo, R. (2011). Stressful life events and psychological well being in a Brazilian sample of older persons: The role of resilience. Ageing International, 36, 492-505.
Resumo: The study aimed to identify the most frequent stressful life events that older persons experience while identifying the most stressful ones. It also aimed to test the hypothesis that resilience moderates the impact of stressful events on older persons’ well-being. The sample included 111 participants, ranging from 56 to 85 years, living independently in the community. Participants answered a demographic questionnaire, the Elders Life Stress Inventory, the shortened Psychological Well-Being Scales, and the Resilience Scale. Stressful events were analyzed according to their frequency and intensity. A mean of five events were reported by participants regarding their experiences over the last year. The most frequent events were memory deterioration, deterioration in health/behavior of a family member, death of a friend/family member, decrease in recreational activities, and personal injury/illness. The most stressful events were divorce/marital separation, parent institutionalization, and child, spouse or parent death. A main effect of resilience was found, high resilience being associated with higher wellbeing. A main effect of stressful events was also found, high stress being associated with less well-being. However, the interaction between resilience and stressful events did not yield a significant result. Interpersonal variations regarding psychological well-being in response to stressful life events may reveal that older people manifest different degrees of resilience, which in turn could help to reduce the impact of stress. This is an important aspect for successful aging which requires further research in order to find out factors which may enhance resilience in adversity, to promote positive outcomes through the life span.
Descrição: The authors thank Pedro Soares, Débora Verdi, Hanna Sainio and Ivalina Porto for their work on the data collection and the community centers where the data was collected: Centro de Esportes, Lazer e Recreação para o Idoso (CELARI/UFRGS), Meninos da Bocha – Parque Alim Pedro, Universidade do Adulto Maior (UAM/IPA), Núcleo de Atendimento à Terceira Idade (NATIEx/Policlínica Militar de Porto Alegre), Projeto QualiVida e Núcleo Universitário da Terceira Idade (NUTI/FURG).
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/17801
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12126-011-9123-2
ISSN: 1936-606X
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12126-011-9123-2
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