Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/18446
Título: Low CD4 T-cell counts despite low levels of circulating HIV: insights from the comparison of HIV-1 infected patients with a discordant response to antiretroviral therapy to patients with untreated advanced HIV-2 disease
Autor: Albuquerque, A. S.
Foxall, R. B.
Cortesão, C. S.
Soares, R. S.
Doroana, M.
Ribeiro, A.
Lucas, M.
Antunes, F.
Victorino, R. M.
Sousa, A. E.
Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS
Antiretroviral therapy
Immunological reconstitution
T-cell activation
Data: 2007
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Clinical Immunology (2007) 125, 67–75
Resumo: A significant proportion of HIV-1+ patients with suppression of viremia under antiretroviral therapy fail to recover CD4(+) T-cell counts (ART-Discordants). Similarly, untreated HIV-2+ patients can also exhibit major CD4 depletion in spite of undetectable viremia. We characterize here the immunological disturbances associated with major CD4-lymphopenia in these two scenarios as compared to untreated viremic HIV-1+ patients with similar CD4-lymphopenia and HIV-1+ patients with successful immunological and virological responses under ART. Low CD4 counts were associated with major naive CD4 and CD8 depletion, irrespective of type of infection or ART-exposure. However, ART-Discordants exhibited lower levels of T-cell activation as compared to both untreated HIV-2 and HIV-1 cohorts, and a less marked increase in circulating IL-7 despite similar CD4 depletion. Nevertheless, ART-Discordants showed a preserved Bcl-2 expression, suggesting increased IL-7 consumption, which in conjunction with the relatively lower T-cell activation may contribute to their CD4 count stability and low rate of opportunistic infections.
Descrição: © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1521661607012764
ISSN: 1521-6616
Versão do Editor: The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
Aparece nas colecções:IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FM-LIC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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