Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/20121
Título: Human γδ thymocytes are functionally immature and differentiate into cytotoxic type 1 effector T cells upon IL-2/IL-15 signaling
Autor: Ribot, Julie C.
Ribeiro, Sérgio T.
Correia, Daniel V.
Sousa, Ana E.
Silva-Santos, Bruno
Data: 2014
Editora: American Association of Immunologists
Citação: The Journal of Immunology, March 1, 2014, vol. 192 no. 5 2237-2243
Resumo: Cytotoxicity and IFN-γ production by human γδ T cells underlie their potent antitumor functions. However, it remains unclear where and how human γδ T cells acquire these key effector properties. Given the recent disclosure of a major contribution of the thymus to murine γδ T cell functional differentiation, in this study we have analyzed a series of human pediatric thymuses. We found that ex vivo-isolated γδ thymocytes produced negligible IFN-γ and lacked cytolytic activity against leukemia cells. However, these properties were selectively acquired upon stimulation with IL-2 or IL-15, but not IL-4 or IL-7. Unexpectedly, TCR activation was dispensable for these stages of functional differentiation. The effects of IL-2/IL-15 depended on MAPK/ERK signaling and induced de novo expression of the transcription factors T-bet and eomesodermin, as well as the cytolytic enzyme perforin, required for the cytotoxic type 1 program. These findings have implications for the manipulation of γδ T cells in cancer immunotherapy.
Descrição: © 2014 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1303119
ISSN: 0022-1767
Versão do Editor: The definitive version is available at http://www.jimmunol.org/
Aparece nas colecções:IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FM-LIC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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