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|Título:||Acidity function p(a(H)gamma(Cl)) as a step to pH assessment|
|Palavras-chave:||Biochemical Research Methods|
|Citação:||ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - Vol. 374, n. 5 (NOV 2002), p. 806-812|
|Resumo:||The conventional assignment of pH reference buffer standards, pH(S), is achieved by means of a series of procedures that follow from measurement of Harried cell potentials for an electrolyte solution which is the buffer solution of interest. An intermediate step is assessment of the acidity function p(a(H)gamma(Cl))(0), the extrapolated value of a linear representation of the dependence of p(a(H)gamma(Cl)) on m(Cl) for at least three different molalities, m(Cl), of added alkali chloride (0.005; 0.010; 0.015 mol kg(-1) KCl). This experimental value can be compared with a theoretically expected value calculated from the dissociation constants of the buffer species. Whereas these calculations always give negative slopes for diprotic and triprotic acids and zero slope for monoprotic acids, experimental values with negative or positive slopes can be obtained for well fitting straight lines obtained for buffer solutions with ionic strengths from 0.0025 to 0.144 mol kg(-1). Such disagreement between theoretically and experimentally obtained values introduce an extra source of uncertainty in the establishment of pH(S) and on its traceability chain. In this work examples are presented and discussed for which the discrepancy between expected and experimental values leads to different intercept P(a(H)gamma(Cl))(0).|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009|
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