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|Título:||Reactivity of N-pyridylcarbamates in basic media|
|Editora:||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY|
|Citação:||JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-PERKIN TRANSACTIONS 2. - n. 6 (2002), p. 1162-1165|
|Resumo:||New secondary aryl N-pyridylcarbamates were prepared by reaction of the aminopyridine anion with aryl chloroformates and their hydrolysis was studied over the pH range from 12 to 13.7. The pH-rate pro le points to an El1cB mechanism, involving pre-equilibrium deprotonation of the nitrogen atom to form an anion that undergoes rate-limiting decomposition into pyridyl isocyanate and a phenoxide ion. Further reaction of the highly reactive isocyanate with water affords N-pyridylcarbamic acid, which spontaneously decomposes to aminopyridine and carbon dioxide. The absence of significant base catalysis and the isolation of a new product resulting from trapping of the intermediate with the base piperidine are also consistent with an elimination-addition mechanism. Finally the observed substituent effect (sigma(-)) gives rho 2.45 which is in accordance with a rate-determining departure of the phenoxide group from the anion intermediate formed in a pre-equilibrium step. Blocking the Elcb mechanism of the secondary carbamates by introduction of N,N-disubstitution in the substrate led to a rate-limiting decrease of ca. 10(6).|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009|
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