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|Título:||The mechanism of hydrolysis of aryl ether derivatives of 3-hydroxymethyltriazenes|
|Editora:||WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH|
|Citação:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - n. 10 (MAY 13 2005), p. 2056-2063|
|Resumo:||1-Aryl-3-aryloxymethyl-3-methyltriazenes hydrolyse to the corresponding anilines and phenols by specific-acid-catalysed, general-acid-catalysed and pH-independent mechanisms. All compounds studied exhibit specific- and general acid catalysis, though for 5a general acid catalysis was not observed below a pH of approximately 4, while for compounds 5e,f, such catalysis was absent above a pH of approximately 5. The pH-independent pathway is observed only for those compounds, 5d-f, that contain good aryloxy nucleo-fugic groups. The specific-acid-catalysed pathway is supported by a solvent deuterium isotope effect (SDIE) of 0.64, consistent with a mechanism involving protonation of the substrate followed by rate-determining unimolecular decomposition of the protonated species. The k(H+) values gave rise to a Hammett p value of -0.93, reflecting the competing effect of the substituents on the protonation of the substrate and the cleavage of the aryl ether. Correlation of k(H+) with the pK(a) of the phenol leaving group affords a beta(1g) of 0.3. Decomposition of the protonated intermediate proceeds via a triazenyliminium ion that can be trapped by methanol. The general-acid-catalysed process exhibits an SDIE of 1.43 and Hammett p values of 0.49, 0.84 and 1.0 for reactions catalysed by chloroacetic, formic and acetic acids, respectively. Correlation of k(A) with the pK(a) of the acid gave Bronsted a values that diminish from 0.6 for O-aryl systems that are poor nucleofuges (5a,b) to 0.2 for the best nucleofuge (5f), reflecting the different extents of proton transfer required to expel each phenol. Compounds containing powerful nucleofuges exhibit a pH-independent reaction that has an SDIE of 1.1, a Hammett p value of 3.4 and a Bronsted beta(1g) value of 1.4. These imply a mechanism involving displacement of the aryloxide leaving group to form a triazenyliminium ion intermediate that again was trapped as a methyl ether. ((c) Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2005)|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009|
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