Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/21034
Título: Human bronchial epithelial cells malignantly transformed by hexavalent chromium exhibit an aneuploid phenotype but no microsatellite instability
Autor: Rodrigues, C. F. D.
Urbano, A. M.
Matoso, E.
Carreira, I.
Almeida, A.
Santos, P.
Botelho, F.
Carvalho, L.
Alves, M.
Monteiro, C.
Costa, A. N.
Moreno, V.
Alpoim, M. C.
Palavras-chave: Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
Genetics & Heredity
Data: 2009
Resumo: Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a well-recognized human lung carcinogen. In order to gain further insight into Cr(VI)-induced carcinogenesis, we have established an adequate in vitro cellular model for the study of this process. To this end, BEAS-2B cells were used. Chronic exposure of cells to 1 mu M Cr(VI) induced changes in the cells' ploicly and a decrease in cloning efficiency, although cultures continued to progress to confluence. After prolonged exposure (12 passages), the culture became heterogeneous, exhibiting areas where apparently normal epithelial cells and morphologically altered cells coexisted. Subsequent culture at a very low density strongly accentuated the Cr(Vi)-induced changes in morphology and pattern of growth. Three individual colonies were then ring-cloned and expanded into three subclonal aneuploid cell lines. These subclonal cell lines showed changes in growth pattern and morphology, as well as a karyotype drift concomitant with the overexpression of genes commonly involved in malignant transformation (c-MYC. EGFR, HIF-1 alpha and LDH-A). Moreover, when one of these cell lines (RenG2) was injected into nude mice, it showed the ability to induce tumors. This cell line revealed no microsatellite instability (MSI), which points to the expression of a functional MLH1 protein and an active mismatch repair (MMR) system. Therefore, the progression to malignancy of the BEAS-2B cells involved Cr(Vi)-induced transformants that retained the ability to repair DNA damage, suggesting that genotoxicity underlies the ongoing carcinogenic process. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.. - Centro de Investigacao em Meio Ambiente, Genetica e Oncobiologia (CIMAGO) [16/06]; Fundacao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia, Portugal (FCT) [POCTI/CBO/48631/2002, SFRH/BD/48072/2008, SFRH/BD/37194/2007]; FEDER ; Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, Spain [BQU-2005-01834]. - This research was supported by Centro de Investigacao em Meio Ambiente, Genetica e Oncobiologia (CIMAGO; Research grant 16/06), by Fundacao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia, Portugal (FCT; Research grant POCTI/CBO/48631/2002; co-financed by FEDER) and by Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, Spain (Research grant BQU-2005-01834). CFDR and ANC acknowledge PhD grants from FCT, Portugal (grants SFRH/BD/48072/2008 and SFRH/BD/37194/2007, respectively).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/21034
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2009.07.004
ISSN: 0027-5107
Aparece nas colecções:FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009

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