Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/21192
Título: Acyloxymethyl as a drug protecting group. Part 7
Tertiary sulfonamidomethyl ester prodrugs of benzylpenicillin
Autor: Iley, J
Barroso, H
Moreira, R
Lopes, F
Calheiros, T
Palavras-chave: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Chemistry, Medicinal
Chemistry, Organic
Data: 2000
Citação: BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - Vol. 8, n. 7 (JUL 2000), p. 1629-1636
Resumo: Tertiary sulfonamidomethyl esters of benzylpenicillin (4) were synthesised and evaluated as a new class of potential prodrugs for beta-lactam antibiotics. Their hydrolysis in aqueous buffers was studied by HPLC and reveal a U-shaped pH-rate profile with a pH-independent process extending from ca. pH 2 to ca. pH 10. This pathway is characterised by kinetic data that are consistent with a unimolecular mechanism involving rate-limiting iminium ion Formation and penicillinoate expulsion. Benzylpenicillin and the corresponding sulfonamide are the ultimate products detected and isolated, indicating that beta-lactam ring opening is much slower than ester hydrolysis. As expected from the high reactivity, benzylpenicillin esters (4) displayed similar in vitro antibacterial activity to benzylpenicillin itself. Compared to the benzylpenicillin derivatives, sulfonamidomethyl esters of benzoic, clofibric and valproic acids display a much higher stability, giving rise to a Bronsted beta(Ig) value of -0.96 and suggesting that tertiary sulfonamidomethyl esters may be useful prodrugs for carboxylic acid drugs with pK(a) 4. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/21192
ISSN: 0968-0896
Aparece nas colecções:FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009

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