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|Título:||Elevated levels of DNA-protein crosslinks and micronuclei in peripheral lymphocytes of tannery workers exposed to trivalent chromium|
|Palavras-chave:||Genetics & Heredity|
|Editora:||OXFORD UNIV PRESS|
|Citação:||MUTAGENESIS. - Vol. 18, n. 1 (JAN 2003), p. 19-24|
|Resumo:||DNA-protein crosslinks (DPC) are a promising biomarker of exposure to hexavalent chromium, a known human carcinogen. Although trivalent chromium is considered to have much lower toxicity, the risk involved in chronic exposure is uncertain. DPC may be a useful tool in clarifying this risk, by signaling an exposure of body tissues to biologically active forms of chromium. DPC quantification was carried out in lymphocytes of a group of tannery workers exposed to trivalent chromium, a small group of manual metal arc stainless steel welders exposed to hexavalent chromium and a control group. This biomarker was compared with the frequency of micronuclei in cytokinesis blocked peripheral lymphocytes as a biomarker of cytogenetic lesions and total plasma and urine chromium levels as an index of exposure. The results indicate a significant increase in the formation of DPC in tannery workers compared with controls (0.88 +/- 0.19 versus 0.57 +/- 0.21%, P 0.001, Mann-Whitney test) and an even higher level of DPC in welders (2.22 +/- 1.12%, P|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009|
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