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|Título:||Effects of bile acids on the humoral immune response - A mechanistic approach|
|Palavras-chave:||Medicine, Research & Experimental|
Pharmacology & Pharmacy
|Editora:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Citação:||LIFE SCIENCES. - Vol. 69, n. 20 (OCT 5 2001), p. 2337-2348|
|Resumo:||Whereas bile acids in excess depress the cell-mediated immune response, their effects on the humoral response have been little investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bile acids on immunoglobulin production. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stimulated for 5 days by Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I (SAC-I). Immunoglobulins, were measured in the supernatants and cell lysates using ELISA. We found that bile acids inhibited IgM production in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effects of 50 muM chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and its glyco- and tauro-conjugates (62, 53 and 51%, respectively) were stronger than those of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and its conjugates (45, 40 and 34%, respectively). The inhibition of IgG production by CDCA and UDCA was weak (23 and 12%, respectively, at 50 LM). IgA production was not modified. The inhibition of intracellular IgM concentration paralleled that observed in the secreted compartment. By contrast, CDCA enhanced intracellular concentration of IgG. In the absence of significant necrosis or apoptosis, CDCA-mediated inhibition of SAC-I-induced IgM production was significantly correlated to the ability of the bile acid to inhibit cell proliferation (r=0.98; p 0.05). In conclusion, we showed that hydrophobic bile acids strongly depress the primary humoral response. This effect resulted from both an inhibition of cell proliferation, and to a lesser extent from a deficient exocytosis of immunoglobulins. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FF - Produção Científica 2000-2009|
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