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Title: Comparing flood mortality in Portugal and Greece (Western and Eastern Mediterranean)
Author: Pereira, S.
Diakakis, M.
Deligiannakis, G.
Zêzere, J.L.
Keywords: Flood mortality
Individual risk
Societal risk
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Pereira, S.; Diakakis, M.; Deligiannakis, G.; Zêzere, J.L. (2017) Comparing flood mortality in Portugal and Greece (Western and Eastern Mediterranean). Int J Disaster Risk Reduct. 22, 147-157. 
Abstract: For the first time flood mortality is analysed and compared between a Western (Portugal) and an Eastern Mediterranean country (Greece). Flood fatalities are examined and compared in terms of frequency, temporal evolution, spatial distribution, deadliest flood types, gender of the victims, circumstances surrounding fatalities, and individual and societal risk. A common flood fatalities database was formed for the period 1960–2010 by merging the DISASTER database for Portugal and the Greek database. Individual flood cases generated more deaths in Greece than in Portugal (excluding an outlier flash flood event in the latter). Despite some fluctuations evidence of a gradual decrease in fatality numbers were recorded for both countries. Since the 1980's the number of flood cases with multiple fatalities has been gradually declining, due to changes in qualitative characteristics of mortality. Flood fatalities predominantly occur during autumn in Greece and during winter in Portugal. In both Greece and Portugal flash floods were responsible for more than 80% of the total mortality. The main metropolitan areas of each country were found to be hotspots of flood mortality; a trend connected, with the higher population density along the coastal areas combined with the expansion of urban fabric towards floodprone areas. Gender distribution of fatalities indicates that males are more vulnerable in both countries. The circumstances surrounding fatalities showed that fatalities occurring inside buildings have been gradually reducing in time, while vehicle-related deaths have been rising, showing that individuals hold an active role when they voluntarily enter in floodwaters during a flood.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.03.007
ISSN: 2212-4209
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:IGOT - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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