Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/27764
Título: Interpretação tecnológica e paletnográfica da ocupação proto-Solutrense da Lapa do Anecrial (Porto de Mós).
Autor: Zilhão, João
Almeida, Francisco
Data: 1996
Editora: Edições Colibri; Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa, Instituto de Arqueologia
Citação: Zilhão, J.; Almeida, F. (1996). Interpretação tecnológica e paletnográfica da ocupação proto-Solutrense da Lapa do Anecrial (Porto de Mós). Ophiussa. Revista do Instituto de Arqueologia da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa, 0. Lisboa: Edições Colibri; Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa, Instituto de Arqueologia. pp. 21-37.
Resumo: Lapa do Anecrial is a cave site located in Portuguese Estremadura and discovered in 1991. Three field seasons, that took place in the summers of 1992, 1993 and 1995 revealed a stratigraphy spanning the period of the Würm’s Last Pleniglacial. Two archaeological levels, separated by sterile layers, were discovered: one dating to the Solutrean, and one other to the Proto-Solutrean. This paper presents the results from the excavation of the second level, which presented excellent postdepositional preservation conditions. Three clusters of different lithic raw materials were found, surrounding a hearth. Two charcoal samples have already been dated, giving this level an absolute date centered on 21 560 BP. Due to the excellent post-depositional conditions, extensive refitting of the lithic assemblage was possible. For some of the raw materials, over 70% refitting success made possible a complete interpretation of the present reduction sequences and strategies. The reduction strategies of flint and quartz are essentially identical, showing an association of prismatic unipolar bladelet cores and thick carenated and thick-nosed scrapers, which were also exploited as bladelet cores. The faunal remains of the Proto-Solutrean level at Anecrial are composed essentially of rabbit bones (MNI = 9, almost all located inside the hearth), and some scattered bones of other bigger mammals, wild goat being the only identified so far. After describing the excavated stratigraphy and evaluating the post-depositional conditions of the Proto- Solutrean level, a Spatial analysis of the remains is presented, followed by a technological study of the lithic assemblage. After presented this, a first attempt to integrate the spatial analysis patterns with the ones resulting from the lithic assemblage and faunal studies is. A reconstitution of the events related with the Proto-Solutrean occupation at Anecrial is, finally, hypothesized.
Peer review: no
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/27764
ISSN: 1645-653X
Aparece nas colecções:UNIARQ - Artigos em Revistas Nacionais

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