Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/28127
Título: Entre el mito y la realidad: Desplazamientos de personas, propaganda de Estado e imaginario del Imperio Colonial Portugués
Autor: Matos, Patrícia Ferraz de
Palavras-chave: Império colonial português
Propaganda
Data: 2013
Editora: Facultat de Geografia i Història Universitat de Barcelona
Citação: Matos, Patrícia Ferraz de (2013). Entre el mito y la realidad: Desplazamientos de personas, propaganda de Estado e imaginario del Imperio Colonial Portugués. Studia Africana, 24, 11-28
Resumo: Este artículo se centra en ejemplos de desplazamientos ocurridos en distintos lugares, y que los portugueses han administrado o influenciado. Mi argumento es que en la época del “Estado Novo” (1933- 1974), este desplazamiento estuvo influenciado por la propaganda colonial y por las iniciativas apoyadas por el régimen político portugués, lo que contribuyó a instaurar un concepto imaginario relacionado con dichos lugares, así como con el denominado Imperio Colonial Portugués. He considerado aquellos grupos cuyo desplazamiento ha contribuido a establecer el concepto de “Imperio Portugués” y a la difusión de las culturas por los distintos lugares. Centraré mi análisis en los desplazamientos voluntarios (o alentados) de individuos portugueses desde la metrópolis hacia las colonias, ocurridos desde finales del siglo xix hasta los años setenta del siglo xx con el objetivo de contribuir al desarrollo de estos territorios. Estos desplazamientos han influenciado la forma en que se recuerda al Imperio Portugués, y los conceptos y prejuicios vinculados con dicho imperio.
This text will provide examples of migrations in the context of the Portuguese Colonial Empire. I will focus on examples that occurred within spaces that have been influenced, dominated or administrated by the Portuguese, and I will argue that this displacement has contributed to setting up an imaginary concept concerning those spaces, as well as to the designated Portuguese Colonial Empire. The human displacements I will focus on were stimulated by the propaganda produced by the Estado Novo (New State), in particular between the 1930s and the 1960s. My argument was inspired by the movie script of O Feitiço do Império (“The Spell of the Empire”), a film directed by António Lopes Ribeiro in 1940, in which, at the end, one of the characters —named Vitorino— states emphatically: “We, the Portuguese and the sea, are like you and me. And being in Africa, it is like being in Beira or in Alentejo”. The defence of the theory that the Portuguese people can be in Africa or in any of the provinces of the metropolis synthesizes an idea conveyed by the colonial propaganda during the Estado Novo, which included the thought that the tropics comprised similar elements to the ones also existing in Portugal, encouraging the departure of people from the metropolis to the colonies, or places under Portuguese influence, and the displacement to and from some of these colonies or areas administrated by the Portuguese. On the other hand, an idea that has been very widely conveyed by the media outside the academic circle, but, surprisingly, also by academics, is that the Portuguese colonization took place as an original, innovative and humanistic process. For example, some authors extoled the adaptive capabilities of the Portuguese to distant places and their inhabitants. Furthermore, it is also common to find some preconceived ideas, such as that the Portuguese colonization was different and “good” for those who were under its administration.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/28127
ISSN: 1130-5703
Versão do Editor: http://studiaafricana.info/index.php/studia/article/view/51
Aparece nas colecções:ICS - Artigos

Ficheiros deste registo:
Ficheiro Descrição TamanhoFormato 
ICs_PFMatos_Entre_ARI.pdf1,42 MBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpace
Formato BibTex MendeleyEndnote Degois 

Todos os registos no repositório estão protegidos por leis de copyright, com todos os direitos reservados.