Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/31261
Título: Discovering the Archaeologists of Portugal 2012-14
Autor: Costa, Claúdia
Duarte, Cidália
Tereso, João
Viegas, Catarina
Lago, Miguel
Grilo, Carolina
Raposo, Jorge
Diniz, Mariana
Lima, Alexandra
Data: 2014
Editora: Associação Profissional de Arqueólogos
Citação: Cláudia Costa, Cidália Duarte, João Tereso, Catarina Viegas, Miguel Lago, Carolina Grilo, Jorge Raposo, Mariana Diniz, Alexandra Lima (2014) - Discovering the Archaeologists of Portugal 2012-14, Associação Profissional de Arqueólogos, 219 p.
Relatório da Série N.º: DISCO - Discovering the Archaeologists of Europe;
Resumo: The present report was elaborated by Associação Profissional de Arqueólogos (APA, Portugal) in the context of the DISCO 2014 project, coordinated by York Archaeological Trust. The nature of APA – a professional association of archaeologists – is coherent with the goals of DISCO 2014, since it is our objective to survey the profession in Portugal, define its major difficulties and influence the decision makers for possibly necessary changes. The project DISCO 2014 is, therefore, the essence of what APA needed to achieve among Portuguese archaeologists – define how many professionals there are, where they work and in which conditions. Furthermore, it was necessary to define which changes might be pivotal to ensure the good path of the discipline in the country and internationally. Upon knowledge of the nature of enquiries and methodology used by other countries (in December 2013), APA decided to launch two questionnaires – a first one individual, and a second one, designed for organisations. The questionnaires were defined with the approval of YAT and were then launched in a Google Survey platform. Archaeologists were individually invited to fill out the forms digitally, through the Internet. Then, a survey of potential employers in Archaeology was performed so that a considerable and diverse number of organisations could be also invited to answer the questionnaire. In this case, we selected institutions which employed archaeologists. For the individual questionnaires we obtained 572 answers to 827 invitations. For the organisations questionnaire we obtained 103 answers. The specific goal of the present project is to identify the changes that have occurred in Archaeology since the 2008 crisis and how our profession has been affected in different countries. Portuguese results demonstrate that the crisis became particularly severe after 2011, as it is visible in the results of both questionnaires – individual and organisational. This economic pressure was likely due to with the interruption of large public investments as a consequence of the World Monetary Fund and European Central Bank intervention in the country. Analysis of the results obtained from the answers to the questionnaires demonstrates specific problems, such as the reduction of permanent jobs, a higher mobility of archaeologists and a severe reduction in income. Academic investment and achievement, however, continues to be significant, even though funding for research has been reduced in the past two years. Socially, archaeologists in Portugal are almost all born in the country and have significant academic education, with a high percentage of professionals that hold postgraduate degrees, from universities in different locations and various countries. In the private sector archaeologists in Portugal have significantly lower salaries than equivalent university graduates in other academic areas. Labour contracts are volatile and work conditions very variable, depending on the private companies the professionals work for. 6 Recently, however, a Union of the Archaeology Workers (STARQ) has been created and the contractual problems are being discussed at that level. APA (Associação Profissional de Arqueólogos) works for the better quality of archaeological work developed in our country. In that sense, we have prepared a series of recommendations that we are directing to an array of institutions which can influence the decision making sectors in diverse areas of public intervention.
Peer review: no
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/31261
ISBN: 978-972-97706-4-7
Versão do Editor: http://e-archaeology.org/disco-2012-2014-national-report-portugal/
Aparece nas colecções:UNIARQ - Livros e Capítulos de Livros

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