Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/35180
Título: Malnutrition among older adults living in Portuguese nursing homes : the PEN-3S study
Autor: Madeira, Teresa
Plácido, Catarina Peixoto
Santos, Nuno Sousa
Santos, Osvaldo
Alarcão, Violeta
Goulão, Beatriz
Mendonça, Nuno
Nicola, Paulo Jorge
Yngve, Agneta
Bye, Asta
Bergland, Astrid
Amaral, Teresa F.
Lopes, Carla
Gorjão Clara, João
Palavras-chave: Malnutrition
Mini Nutritional Assessment
Older adults
Nursing homes
Data: 2018
Editora: Cambridge University Press
Citação: Public Health Nutrition, 1–12
Resumo: Objective: To characterise the nutritional status and to identify malnutritionassociated variables of older adults living in Portuguese nursing homes. Design: Cross-sectional study. Data on demographic and socio-economic characteristics, self-reported morbidity, eating-related problems, nutritional status, cognitive function, depression symptoms, loneliness feelings and functional status were collected by trained nutritionists through a computer-assisted face-to-face structured interview followed by standardised anthropometric measurements. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with being at risk of malnutrition/malnourished. Setting: Portuguese nursing homes. Subjects: Nationally representative sample of the Portuguese population aged 65 years or over living in nursing homes. Results: A total of 1186 individuals (mean age 83·4 years; 72·8% women) accepted to participate. According to the Mini Nutritional Assessment, 4·8 (95% CI 3·2, 7·3)% were identified as malnourished and 38·7 (95% CI 33·5, 44·2)% were at risk of malnutrition. These percentages increased with age and were significantly higher for women. Logistic regression showed (OR; 95% CI) that older adults reporting no or little appetite (6·5; 2·7, 15·3), those revealing symptoms of depression (2·6; 1·6, 4·2) and those who were more dependent in their daily living activities (4·7; 2·0, 11·1) were also at higher odds of being malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. Conclusions: Malnutrition and risk of malnutrition are prevalent among nursing home residents in Portugal. It is crucial to routinely screen for nutritional disorders, as well as risk factors such as symptoms of depression and lower functional status, to prevent and treat malnutrition.
Descrição: © The Authors 2018
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/35180
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980018002318
ISSN: 1368-9800
Versão do Editor: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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