Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/35473
Título: Landslide societal risk in Portugal in the Period 1865–2015
Autor: Pereira, Susana
Zêzere, José Luís
Quaresma, Ivânia
Palavras-chave: Landslides
Disaster database
Societal risk
Data: 2017
Editora: SpringerOpen
Citação: Pereira, S., Zêzere, J.L., Quaresma, I. (2017). Landslide societal risk in Portugal in the Period 1865–2015. In: Sassa, K., Mikoš, M., Yin, Y. (eds). Advancing culture of living with landslides. WLF 2017. Springer, Cham. p. 491-499. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59469-9_43
Resumo: In Portugal, social impacts caused by landslides occurred in the period 1865–2015 are gathered in the DISASTER database. This database includes social consequences (fatalities, injuries, missing people, evacuated people and homeless people) caused by landslides documented in newspapers. The DISASTER database contains 291 damaging landslides that caused 238 fatalities. In this work we aim to: (i) analyse the spatio-temporal analysis of damaging landslides occurred in the last 150 years; (ii) analyse the frequency and the temporal evolution of fatal landslides; (iii) analyse the spatio-temporal distribution of landslide fatalities; (iv) identify the most deadly landside types; (v) verify gender tendencies in landslide mortality; and (vi) evaluate the individual and societal risk. Individual risk is evaluated computing mortality rates for landslides, which are calculated based on the annual average population and the annual average of fatalities. The societal risk is evaluated by plotting the annual frequency of landslide cases that generated fatalities. The results demonstrate the absence of any exponential growth in time of both landslide cases and landslide mortality in Portugal. The highest number of landslide cases and related mortalities occurred in the period of 1935–1969 in relation to very wet years. Most of landslide fatalities mainly occurred in the north of the Tagus valley where the geologic and geomorphologic conditions are more prone to landslides. The Lisbon area registered a mortality hotspot, which is explained by natural conditions combined with the high exposure of population to landslide risk. Falls and flows were responsible for the highest number of fatalities associated with landslides. Males were found to have the highest frequency of fatalities. In conclusion, the spatial patterns of landslide mortality can be related to the unequal distribution of predisposing conditions to landslides, changes in the land use and exposure and social vulnerability to landslide hazards.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/35473
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59469-9_43
ISSN: 978-3-319-59469-9
Versão do Editor: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-59469-9_43
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