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Title: How does an Al-hyperaccumulator plant respond to a natural field gradient of soil phytoavailable Al?
Author: Serrano, H.C.
Pinto, M.J.
Martins-Loução, M. A.
Branquinho, C.
Keywords: Aluminium
Plantago almogravensis
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Sci Total Environ. 2011 Sep 1; 409(19):3749-56
Abstract: The physiological ability of plants to cope with Al-toxicity has attracted considerable attention. In this study we used an endemic Al-hyperaccumulator plant, Plantago almogravensis, which is the only known representative of the Plantaginaceae with this trait growing under a field gradient of Al, to understand the root and shoot patterns of Al accumulation and tolerance in its natural environment. We analysed phytoavailable elements in the soil and their accumulation in the plant. For the first time under field conditions, the accumulation pattern of an Al-hyperaccumulator showed a saturation curve with a maximum accumulation capacity being reached (ca. 3.0 mg g−1). The Al toxicitywas not associatedwith the expected reduction in the Ca andMg uptake by the plant. Iron was accumulated in a more linear pattern. The magnitude and the proportion of the elements found in the apoplastic fraction of the root, compared to the soil and plant internal fractions, suggested that the control of uptake occurs at the rhizospheric level. Unlike the majority of the Al-hyperaccumulator plants that are found in tropical humid areas, this plant is described froma sub-aridMediterranean climate, subject to drought conditions which give it a unique status that deserves to be studied further.
Description: ACESSO via B-on: doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.06.036
Peer review: yes
URI: doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.06.036
ISSN: 0048-9697
Appears in Collections:FC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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