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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/5377

Título: Ilhas de arqueologia : o quotidiano e a civilização material na Madeira e nos Açores : (séculos XV-XVIII)
Autor: Sousa, Élvio Duarte Martins, 1973-
Orientador: Barbosa, Pedro Gomes, 1951-
Barroca, Mário Jorge
Palavras-chave: Arqueología moderna e medieval - Arquipélago dos Açores (Portugal)
Arqueología moderna e medieval - Arquipélago da Madeira (Portugal)
Cultura material - Arquipélago da Madeira (Portugal)
Cultura material - Arquipélago dos Açores (Portugal)
Teses de doutoramento - 2012
Issue Date: 2011
Resumo: Nas “Ilhas de Arqueologia”, procura-se retratar o papel que os arquipélagos da Madeira e dos Açores assumiram no conhecimento dos testemunhos materiais pós-quatrocentistas. A especificidade cronológica e cultural de terem sido achadas e povoadas nas primeiras décadas do século XV (características que servem de terminus post quem na análise, por exemplo, da cultura material), conferem às ilhas o estatuto de “campo experimental” no âmbito da Arqueologia Moderna em Portugal. A civilização material reflecte-se nos momentos de ruptura e de continuidade da vida quotidiana. Após o povoamento, e consequente infra-estruturação dos territórios insulares, circuitos comerciais regionais e intercontinentais, aliciados pelo ensaio e pelo cultivo de novos produtos de exportação (açúcar e pastel), capitalizam a entrada e o fluxo de novos apetrechos e produtos. Por exemplo, nos lares mais abastados das ilhas, figuram novos artigos de importação oriundos do “Reino”, da Europa (Espanha, Itália, França, Países Baixos, Holanda, Inglaterra, Alemanha) e do Oriente. Os milhares de objectos (cerâmica, osso, vidro, metal e pedra), desenterrados de um palimpsesto sedimentar com mais de três séculos, são a fonte de aproximação ao complexo enredo das relações e das actividades sociais e económicas. A cerâmica é, indubitavelmente, o vestígio predominante. No dia-a-dia, as peças de barro local e importado materializam-se nas mais diversas tarefas: no serviço e na apresentação de alimentos e bebidas; no armazenamento e no transporte; no aquecimento e na iluminação; na higiene pessoal e da habitação; na actividade lúdica; e no uso artesanal e industrial. O retrato desta quotidianidade resulta do exercício dedutivo dos espaços e dos dados exumados. É um relato ou uma versão – pessoal, particular e circunscrita – daquilo que poderia ter sido uma parte dos acontecimentos colectivos à escala local e regional. A diacronia do tempo habitado sedimenta no espaço, quase sempre entulhado, um depósito de restos das gentes do passado. Perante esse repositório, quase mudo por natureza, a tarefa mais complexa foi a de fazer falar o silêncio da terra habitada…
This investigation is focused in describing the role taken by the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores in the knowledge of the material culture evidence after the 14th century. The chronological and cultural specificity of being discovered and settled in the early decades of the fifteenth century (characteristics that serve as the terminus post quem in the analysis, for example, of material culture), contribute to the status of "experimental field" as an important part of the Portuguese Early Modern Archaeology. The material civilization is reflected in the moments of rupture and continuity of everyday life. After the settlement regional and intercontinental trade channels, allured by the trial and by the cultivation of new products (sugar and pastel), capitalize the entry and flow of new devices and products. For example, wealthy households, include new items, imported from the "Kingdom", Europe (Spain, Italy, France, Netherlands, Holland, England, Germany) and from the Orient. Thousands of objects exhumed from a three century-old palimpsest sediment, are the source of approaching to the complex story of relations and social and economic activities. Pottery is, by far, the predominant trace. In everyday life, local and imported potteries are materialized in several tasks: the service and presentation of food and beverages; in storage and transport, for heating and lighting, personal and housing hygiene; in the leisure activity, and the artisanal and industrial use. The portrait of this everyday life results from the deductive exercise of the spaces and items exhumed. It is a story or a version - personal, private and limited – of what could have been a part of collective events at local and regional levels. The diachrony of the inhabited time, settles, in an often cluttered space, a deposit of remains of the people of the past. Faced with this repository, almost silent by nature, the most complex task was to give voice to the silence of the inhabited ground...
Descrição: Tese de doutoramento, História (História Regional e Local), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/5377
Appears in Collections:FL - Teses de Doutoramento

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