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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/5549

Título: Widowhood: The experience of loneliness and subjective well-being
Autor: Silva, Maria Eugénia Duarte
Carreira, Cláudia
Ferreira, Ana Sousa
Costa, Catarina
Palavras-chave: Widowhood
Old-age
Subjective well-being
Loneliness
Issue Date: 2008
Citação: Duarte Silva, M. E., Carreira, C., Ferreira, A. S., & Valente, C. (2008). Widowhood: The experience of loneliness and subjective well-being. Journal of Experiential Psychotherapy, 44, 46-50.
Resumo: Widowhood is one of the stressful life events in a life course. Adjusting may be difficult for older adults experiencing a decrease in social networks. This study aims to explore widowhood in old age - the experience of loneliness and subjective well-being. The attachment perspective (Bowlby, 1980), the relational model of loneliness (Weiss, 1973) and the subjective well-being construct (Diener, 2000) are the frames of reference. Sample consisted of 65 Portuguese community-dwelling men and women (65 to 96 years), married and widowed. Participants answered a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larson, & Griffin, 1985), the reduced version of the Emotional and Social Loneliness Scale (Stroebe, Stroebe, Abakoumkin, & Schut, 1996) and the Instrumental and Expressive Social Support Scale (Ensel & Woelfel, 1986). Results of discrete discriminant analysis considering age group, gender, emotional loneliness, social loneliness, subjective well-being, emotional, practical and financial support variables showed good discrimination between widowed and married groups. All results were favourable to married participants as far as positive affects were concerned. Weiss theory, the association between loneliness and attachment, was supported, with the marital relationship being a means of emotional support, and widowhood having an impact on the experience of emotional loneliness.
Le veuvage est une des expériences les plus stressantes du cycle de vie. Les adultes âgés peuvent avoir des difficultés à s’y adapter car ils souffrent d’une diminution du réseau social. L’objectif de cette étude est d’explorer le veuvage pendant la vieillesse – l’expérience de la solitude et le bien-être subjectif. La perspective de l’attachement (Bowlby, 1980), le modèle relationnel de la solitude (Weiss, 1973) et le bien-être subjectif (Diener, 2000) constituent le cadre de référence. 65 hommes et femmes portugais, mariés ou veufs (âgés de 65-96), ont répondu à un questionnaire sociodémographique et aux échelles de Satisfaction avec la Vie (Diener, Emmons, Larson, & Griffin, 1985), Solitude Emotionnelle et Sociale (Stroebe, Stroebe, Abakoumkin, & Schut, 1996) et de Support Instrumental et Expressif (Ensel & Woelfel, 1986). L’application d’une méthode d’analyse discriminante discrète sur les variables âge groupe, genre, solitude émotionnelle, solitude sociale, bien-être subjectif et support émotionnel, pratique et financier, a montré une bonne discrimination entre les groupes. Les résultats concernant les affects positifs sont favorables aux participants mariés. La théorie de Weiss sur l’association entre la solitude et l’attachement a été vérifiée, la relation du couple étant une forme de soutien émotionnel et le veuvage ayant un impact sur l’expérience de solitude émotionnelle. Mots clés : Veuvage, vieillesse, solitude, bien-être subjectif.
Descrição: Versão pre-print.
Arbitragem científica: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/5549
Appears in Collections:FPCE - UOP - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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