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|Title: ||Psychological citizenship and national identity|
|Authors: ||Sindic, Denis|
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Citation: ||Sindic, D. (2011). Psychological citizenship and national identity. In: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 21:3, pp. 202–214|
|Abstract: ||In this paper, I raise the question of whether psychological citizenship (i.e. the subjective sense of
being a citizen) is necessarily intertwined with a sense of national identity in our contemporary world.
First, I argue that psychological citizenship is always dependent upon a sense of shared identity with
the community (be it national or other), and I explore some of the reasons why this is the case.
Second, I argue that such sense of shared identity can nevertheless sometimes remain implicit so that
in order to assess its impact one may need to look beyond people’s explicit statements of
identification. Third, I turn to the more specific question of national identity and argue that such
identity presents particular characteristics that make it consonant with the notion of citizenship (and
thus able to sustain a subjective sense of citizenship) in ways that other identities might not always be.
Finally, I compare a psychological citizenship based on national identity to one which would be based
on a ‘global’ or ‘cosmopolitan’ identity. I argue that, whilst the former constitutes a pervasive social
psychological reality, doubts can be raised as to whether this is the case for the latter, and thus as to
whether it can form a credible alternative to national identity as the psychological substrate of
citizenship. I conclude with some reflections concerning what different approaches of social
psychology can bring to the study of the psychological aspects of citizenship.|
|Peer Reviewed: ||yes|
|Appears in Collections:||ICS - DEMOLINE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
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