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Title: Fat intake interacts with polymorphisms of Caspase9, FasLigand and PPARgamma apoptotic genes in modulating Crohn’s disease activity
Authors: Ferreira, Paula
Cravo, Marília
Guerreiro, Catarina Sousa
Tavares, Lourdes
Santos, Paula Moura
Brito, Miguel
Keywords: Crohn’s disease
Caspase 9
Fas ligand protein
PPAR gamma
Fat intake
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Clinical Nutrition 29 (2010) 819-823
Abstract: Background & aims: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a multifactorial disease where resistance to apoptosis is one major defect. Also, dietary fat intake has been shown to modulate disease activity. We aimed to explore the interaction between four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in apoptotic genes and dietary fat intake in modulating disease activity in CD patients. Methods: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) techniques were used to analyze Caspase9+93C/T, FasLigand-843C/T, Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma+161C/T and Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma Pro12Ala SNPs in 99 patients with CD and 116 healthy controls. Interactions between SNPs and fat intake in modulating disease activity were analyzed using regression analysis. Results: None of the polymorphisms analyzed influenced disease susceptibility and/or activity, but a high intake of total, saturated and monounsaturated fats and a higher ratio of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA), was associated with a more active phenotype (p < 0.05). We observed that the detrimental effect of a high intake of total and trans fat was more marked in wild type carriers of the Caspase9+93C/T polymorphism [O.R(95%CI) 4.64(1.27-16.89) and O.R(95%CI) 4.84(1.34-17.50)]. In the Peroxisome Proliferator- Activated Receptor gamma Pro12Ala SNP, we also observed that a high intake of saturated and monounsaturated fat was associated to a more active disease in wild type carriers [OR(95%CI) 4.21 (1.33-13.26) and 4.37(1.52-12.51)]. Finally, a high intake of n-6 PUFA was associated with a more active disease in wild type carriers for the FasLigand-843C/T polymorphism [O.R(95%CI) 5.15(1.07-24.74)]. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to disclose a synergism between fat intake and SNPs in apoptotic genes in modulating disease activity in CD patients.
Description: © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0261-5614
Appears in Collections:IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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