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Title: Differential RET signaling pathways drive development of the enteric lymphoid and nervous systems
Author: Patel, Amisha
Harker, Nicola
Moreira-Santos, Lara
Ferreira, Manuela
Alden, Kieran
Timmis, Jon
Foster, Katie
Garefalaki, Anna
Pachnis, Panayotis
Andrews, Paul
Enomoto, Hideki
Milbrandt, Jeffrey
Pachnis, Vassilis
Coles, Mark C.
Kioussis, Dimitris
Veiga-Fernandes, Henrique
Issue Date: 31-Jul-2012
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Science Signaling 5 (235), ra55
Abstract: During the early development of the gastrointestinal tract, signaling through the receptor tyrosine kinase RET is required for initiation of lymphoid organ (Peyer’s patch) formation and for intestinal innervation by enteric neurons. RET signaling occurs through glial cell line–derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family receptor α co-receptors present in the same cell (signaling in cis). It is unclear whether RET signaling in trans, which occurs in vitro through co-receptors from other cells, has a biological role. We showed that the initial aggregation of hematopoietic cells to form lymphoid clusters occurred in a RET-dependent, chemokine-independent manner through adhesion-mediated arrest of lymphoid tissue initiator (LTin) cells. Lymphoid tissue inducer cells were not necessary for this initiation phase. LTin cells responded to all RET ligands in trans, requiring factors from other cells, whereas RET was activated in enteric neurons exclusively by GDNF in cis. Furthermore, genetic and molecular approaches revealed that the versatile RET responses in LTin cells were determined by distinct patterns of expression of the genes encoding RET and its co-receptors. Our study shows that a trans RET response in LTin cells determines the initial phase of enteric lymphoid organ morphogenesis, and suggests that differential co-expression of Ret and Gfra can control the specificity of RET signaling.
Description: © 2008 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 1937-9145
Appears in Collections:IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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