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|Title:||Fold-unfold transitions in the selectivity and mechanism of action of the N-terminal fragment of the bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (rBPI21)|
|Authors:||Domingues, Marco M.|
Lopes, Sílvia C. D. N.
Santos, Nuno C.
Castanho, Miguel A. R. B.
|Citation:||Biophysical Journal Volume 96 February 2009 987–996|
|Abstract:||Septic or endotoxic shock is a common cause of death in hospital intensive care units. In the last decade numerous antimicrobial peptides and proteins have been tested in the search for an efficient drug to treat this lethal disease. Now in phase III clinical trials, rBPI21, a recombinant N-terminal fragment of the bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), is a promising drug to reduce lesions caused by meningococcal sepsis. We correlated structural and stability data with functional information of rBPI21 bound to both model systems of eukaryotic and bacterial membranes. On interaction with membranes, rBPI21 loses its conformational stability, as studied by circular dichroism. This interaction of rBPI21 at membrane level was higher in the presence of negatively charged phospholipid relatively to neutral ones, with higher partition coefficients (Kp), suggesting a preference for bacterial membranes over mammalian membranes. rBPI21 binding to membranes is reinforced when its disulfide bond is broken due to conformational changes of the protein. This interaction is followed by liposome aggregation due to unfolding, which ensures protein aggregation, and interfacial localization of rBPI21 in membranes, as studied by extensive quenching by acrylamide and 5-deoxylstearic acid and not by 16-deoxylstearic acid. An uncommon model of the selectivity and mechanism of action is proposed, where membrane induces unfolding of the antimicrobial protein, rBPI21. The unfolding ensures protein aggregation, established by protein-protein interaction at membrane surface or between adjacent membranes covered by the unfolded protein. This protein aggregation step may lead to membrane perturbation.|
|Description:||© 2009 by the Biophysical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||IMM - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
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