Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/7422
Título: Beyond interest and limits of international comparison of performances: on the social construction of 'knowledge for policy'
Autor: Carvalho, Luís Miguel
Data: 2012
Editora: Institut Français de L'Éducation
Citação: Carvalho, L. M. (2012). Beyond interest and limits of international comparison of performances: on the social construction of 'knowledge for policy'. Education et Sociétés. Revue Internationale de Sociologie de L'Éducation, 29(1): 157-171
Resumo: This paper discusses ‘international comparison of performances’ (ICP) bringing together two topics: the making of ‘knowledge for policy’ and the States’ current trust on international organizations and their technologies for the monitoring of national education systems. The central purpose is to examine the processes and the meanings that support the production and the transnational circulation of ICP as crucial, and almost naturalized, elements for contemporary policy-making and public debates on educational issues. The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), carried out by the OECD, is taken as an example of ICP. This paper brings to the fore two major footprints from studying the production and circulation of PISA. They are related with the discussion of the apparent centrality achieved by ICP in education policy issues. It underlines that divergent uses of data and ideas provided by the Programme go hand-in-hand with convergence towards its regular use in policy-making and in public debates. Like others ICP, PISA is a carrier of guilt and produces guilt. “Norm and standard” tools operate through the culpability and the responsibility that they carry to national spaces and agencies. But their strength rests also on the hope they create. Thus, the uncomfortable numbers that bring “blaming and shaming” to the national policy spheres and actors also convey to them the encouragement of regularly having in hands the ‘need to change’ flag. The actant allows them to legitimise policy problems and solutions with the “independent expert knowledge” marker.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10451/7422
ISSN: 1373-847X
Versão do Editor: http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=ES_029_0157
Aparece nas colecções:IE - GIAE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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